Session 4.4 - Peer and self-assessment (participants version)
1 Review of follow-up activities from last session
Individual work (5 min) updating assessment inventory. Update the assessment inventory that you started in session 4.1 (use the template File:My assessment inventory.doc). Add the date in the fourth row and describe your current understanding of assessment by identifying different kinds or elements of assessment. Then record the assessment measures that you have used. Please take care that you mention only the measures that you have used yourself and not the measures that you know of but have not tried.
Individual work (5 min): Filling out a table on formative feedback use. Working on your own, fill out the table below to indicate quickly what kind of formative feedback you have given to your students in your lessons in the past week. First, record whether you gave this feedback by answering ‘yes’ or ‘no’. If your answer is ‘yes’ then write the topic of the lesson. After that answer ‘yes’, ‘no’ or ‘not sure’ for whether it was easy to do and whether it was helpful for your students’ learning.
|Type of Formative Feedback||Did you give this feedback?||Topic?||Easy to do?||Helpful for learning?|
|1.Provide whole-class oral formative feedback.|
|2. Provide different formative feedback to two students (one performing well and the other struggling).|
|3. Provide written formative feedback to students or individual student.|
- Which type of formative feedback did you find most challenging to give to your students? Why do you think so?
- How did the two students (one performing well and the other struggling) respond to your formative feedback? Why?
- Which type of formative feedback was most helpful for your students? In what way(s) has it been helpful for your students?
- Did you make use of the Open Office Impress application to order images for any of your lessons last week? For which topic did you use it? Did you find it useful for AfL i.e. were you able to identify students who need less/more support for the sequencing topic? Describe the support that you provided especially in relation to formative feedback.
- Did you face any issues with technology, with finding appropriate pictures or with carrying out the activity, while using OpenOffice Impress. How did you resolve them? Discuss any unresolved issues with your peers.
2 Use of inventory and traffic lights for self-assessment
Observing, thinking, reflecting (5 min): Use of traffic lights. Inventory and Traffic Lights are both self-assessment measures. You have learned the use of both these measures during the sessions in Unit 4. Using the traffic light cards that you have available at your school (or whatever equivalent you are using), show your comfort level with use of these two measures. For this exercise, the different colours of the traffic lights are as follows:
- RED means “I’m not confident about using the two measures for self-assessment.”
- ORANGE means “I’m not quite sure about using the two measures for self-assessment. I need a little more clarification.”
- GREEN means “I understand fully how to use the two measures for self-assessment.”
- What are the advantages of using inventory as a self-assessment measure?
- Do you think it can be useful for your own students? Why/Why not?
- What could be some of the topics for which you could use inventory as a self-assessment measure?
- Why do you think that you are able to self-assess using the inventory and traffic lights?
- Do you think your students can self-assess themselves on a particular topic without giving them any help? Why is that so?
- Just as you have done in this activity, could you combine the use of inventory and Traffic Lights for self-assessment in your class?
- What could be the problems in carrying out any or both of the self-assessment measures? How will you resolve them?
3 Video watching on peer and self assessment
Individual activity (5 min) Background reading. Peer and self-assessment is another AfL strategy that ‘promotes independent learning, communication and support in the classroom.’ (Afl Guidance, p 26). Read the following text that is summarised from the Afl Guidance notes (here or see below) You can also listen to the first part of the text:
Abel - AfL background text:
- What is your understanding of the usefulness of peer and self-assessment?
- In the videos you have seen both primary and secondary school students assessing each other's work. What preparation do you think the teacher has done before giving the peer assessment task to the students?
- How can you implement peer assessment in your classrooms?
- What issues do you think you will have to deal with implementing peer assessment? Discuss how you will resolve these issues? (some issues could be: student readiness for both giving and receiving feedback, availability of coloured pens (highlighters) etc.)
- Does peer and self-assessment imply less teacher’s responsibility?
- What kind of problems can you anticipate if you try to introduce peer and self-assessment in your class?
4 Strategies for peer and self-assessment
Individual activity (5 min): Reading about peer and self-assessment strategies. Teachers have developed several ways of introducing peer and self-assessment in their classrooms. Read the following examples and think about how useful they may be in your classroom. We will make use of these strategies in the next activity and you will use some of them in the classroom with your students after the session.
|A Star (or two stars) and a Wish||Ask students to point out a positive aspect of the work of his/her friend and to express a wish about what their friend might do next time to improve on an aspect of the work.|
| De Bono’s Thinking Hats
|| Ask students to imagine wearing different coloured hats as a guide to give feedback to their friends or for themselves:
Yellow Hat: List the good points of the work
Black Hat: List the weaknesses in the work
Green Hat: List other way(s) of doing the work
|Checklist|| Checklist facilitate peer- and self-assessment by focusing student’s attention on specific success criteria that they need to consider when looking at their own their friend’s responses to questions. Here is a example below:
Learning intentions: Recognise numerator/denominator and equivalent fractions.
Same-task group work (10 min): in pairs, assess each others homework on formative feedback. You were asked to bring examples of your written formative feedback from the homework in the last session. Exchange these examples with a peer participant. Assess their work by using any one or more of the above-mentioned strategies. Remember the success criteria mentioned for giving formative feedback were:
- identifying evidence where the student performed well and appreciating that performance
- identifying evidence where the student could improve and giving practical tips for improving
- suggesting a higher target for high achieving students
Give each other peer feedback about how your colleague can improve their formative feedback.
Some tips for written feedback to young learners:
- develop some routines for feedback such as: smiley faces and stars for appreciation, question mark where you think improvement is needed and exclamation mark for caution about incorrect understanding etc.
- if available, use different coloured pens for feedback where learners understand the meaning of each colour
5 Practice using peer and self-assessment
- This is a role play activity. You and your partner will be role playing two students - one who is a ‘faster’ learner and the other a ‘slower’ learner. Decide on which student you want to role play.
- Imagine that you have both been taught a lesson on equivalent fractions with the following learning objective and success criteria:
Topic: Equivalent Fractions
|To recognise and name equivalent fractions||
- Imagine that the teacher now poses these three questions that you must try to do on your mini boards:
- Draw two diagrams to show an equivalent fraction to ¾.
- List four examples of equivalent fractions to ¾.
- Write or tell a short story that makes use of equivalent fractions.
- Take some time to answer the questions, while taking on the role of the ‘faster’ student or ‘slower’ student.
- Still taking on the role of the student, use the checklist below to do a self-assessment of your work. Share your work with your partner and do a peer assessment of each other’s work.
|I can draw two diagrams showing equivalent fractions.|
|I can list four examples of equivalent fractions.|
|I can write or tell a short story using equivalent fractions.|
- How did you find the whole process of self-assessment and peer assessment as students?
- Did you find that you (as a student) were able to assess others and themselves accurately and in a friendly and useful way?
- Did you respond well to your friend’s assessment of your work?
- If you had been changing partner for the different pair activities, did you find that you were more comfortable pairing up with a particular person for peer assessment? Why do you think so and what implications can there be for setting up successful peer assessment?
- Now taking on the role of a teacher, what kind of preparation do you think you need to do to help your students to try out peer and self-assessment?
- What are some ways you can check that the students have given accurate and good peer and self-assessment?
6 ICT practice: Different-tasks group work with ICT and activity planning
Different-tasks group work (20 min) on becoming an expert. As we discussed in the ICT practice in the first session of this unit, you now have an opportunity to deepen your skills in your chosen application. Divide into the same pairs as last time and continue developing the skills in your chose application. What is the idea that you are developing? In the last session of this Unit, you will be able to present what you have developed, so make notes, and work towards a particular item, such as a spreadsheet, a GeoGebra file etc.
7 Connecting with overarching goals of the programme
Open space (10 min). It's now time for the "open space", that gives you an opportunity to discuss issues that have arisen, and to relate those to the broader context of the programme. Do not just gloss over this section, but make time to raise issues, and probe the progress that you are making. You could use this space to:
- Remind yourselves of the of the Most Significant Change Technique, and e.g. collect more of your stories.
- Discuss your assessment portfolios: Is there anything that you are unsure about? Is it going well? What could be done better?
- Check on the work with the classroom assistants: Is this going well? Are there any tensions? Any observations or tips you can share?
- Reviewing individual ICT practise (such as typing practise).
- If you are preparing a presentation for other teachers, you could work on the presentation (about what you have been learning, stories emerging from MSC).
- Remind those who are doing audio diaries, to upload them.
- You could discuss any other issues that have arisen.
You will find notes and summaries of various techniques and concepts on our reference page, and you might want to refer to those for clarification during this activity if needed.
8 Follow-up activities
Part A: Update the electronic version of “ (info)”. Open your file from your ‘files area’ on your desktop. Fill it in and save it again. We will be self-assessing the inventories at the beginning of the next session so ensure that you bring the completed paper inventory (all five rows should now be filled in) to the next session and that the electronic version is up to date.
Part B: For a topic that you teach this week, try to introduce at least one strategy of peer assessment and one for self-assessment. Record answers to the following questions on the dictaphone:
- Which peer and self-assessment strategy did you try?
- Did you find that it has worked well for you and for your students?
- How will you prepare yourself better to introduce peer and self-assessment in future lessons?
We thank Toni Glasson for allowing us to make use of sections (p. 77-110) of her book, Improving Student Achievement: A Practical guide to Assessment for Learning, Curriculum Corporation 2009 (ISBN: 9781742003078)